Calathea Makoyana


From the team

"The Calathea Makoyana is currently one of my favorite plants! The colors are incredibly vibrant. It's hard to believe it's an actual plant. I have them mounted in my bathroom. They love the humidity and do great with minimal indirect light. I have found them incredibly easy to care for, rarely need to refill water. This plant has done great without being touched for weeks." 

- Jonas, Co-founder

Ease of growing: 5/5

Ease of Propagation: 4/5

Growth Rate: 3/5

Pet safe: 4/5


plant overview

origin

Native to Brazil

plant family

Marantaceae

Other common names

The botanical name for this plant is Calathea veitchiana. Similar to Marantas, Calatheas are most generally known as Prayer plants. This specific variety, the Calathea Makoyana, is also named the Peacock Plant or Cathedral Windows.


EASE TO GROW IN WATER

Calatheas, in general, may need a little more TLC than most to stay happy and healthy. But don't be discouraged! Makoyanas tend to be a hardier variety and are okay to be left alone for awhile. The two key things to maintain a healthy Calathea is moderate lighting and high humidity. We find that they also transition into water well from soil and should thrive during propagation. 


Toxicity

Non-toxic to pets and humans.


growing your calathea Makoyana in water


watering

Refill every 1-2 weeks

Replace water every 2-4 weeks 

For healthy plants, we recommend that you add water to the glass every 1-2 weeks (or if you see that water levels have lowered) to replenish the water that evaporated or absorbed from the plants. Then, replace the water every 2-4 weeks. Most tap water works great but distilled or filtered waters are recommended if available. 

Nutrients

Optional 

We recommend adding 1-2 of liquid nutrients to your plant’s water every month. If you see a new leaf or flower forming, you should add an additional drop of nutrients to further encourage and support new growth.

Lighting

Bright, Indirect Light

Calatheas are at their happiest and healthiest when kept moderate to bright indirect lighting. This plant can be very sensitive to sunlight levels, so try to play around with where you place your plant (like higher on a wall or semi-shaded corner).

Temperature

65-85 Degrees Fahrenheit

Like most tropical plants, we notice that Calathea loves warm temperatures (65-85 degrees Fahrenheit). A general rule of thumb for many houseplants is that if you are comfortable, then they will be comfortable too!

HUmidity

Normal-High Humidity Levels

The key to a beautiful Peacock Plant is to keep humidity levels high! We recommend that you invest in a humidifier and run it for at least 1-2 hours a day to keep the humidifier levels balanced. Of course, you could always regularly mist your plant multiple times a day (depending on the dryness of your space). You can also set a container of water near the prayer plant, as the evaporating water will increase the humidity.

Leaf & Root care

Wipe down leaves

Remove yellowing leaves

and dead roots

Calatheas are a foliage-rich plant, so cleaning the leaves will promote better light absorption for photosynthesis. Yellowing or brown leaves can be removed at the base of the plant, immediately above the node, using a sharp, sterile knife. It is recommended to leave 1-2 leaves because a single node will often shoot off new leaves on its own. You also want to remove any dead roots (brown, mushy, and have a weird smell) to avoid root rot spreading to other healthy roots. To learn more, click here.

Propagation tips


When propagating a Calathea Makoyana in water, we've had success with the division method and submerging a node in water. The division method is just gently remove soil to break up the mother plant (original calathea planted in dirt) into two or more smaller parts, where both the crown and roots are left in tact. Some roots are more acclimated to growing in soil than water. If you're propagating using the division method, we recommend cutting off the dirt roots off because the new root system comes in looking cleaner and less messy (overall, more aesthetically pleasing). But, it's totally optional if you decide to leave the roots on.


Then you have our favorite propagation method, which is submerging a node in water. You want to first cut right below where the branches sort of separate from each other. If you look closely, Calathea Makoyana have these folds in their branches where leaves shoot out from. A proper cutting would have about 2-4 leaves still attached.


After about 4-8 weeks, you should see your calathea sprouting thin, hair-like roots! With the proper care and attention, you'll be sure to see new leaf growth in no time. 


Common issues & care info


Curling leaves

Identification: Leaves are curling (even in the daytime), leaves may be brown and crispy at the tips 

Cause: Not enough humidity, Too much exposure to bright light

How to treat: Examine the root system to make sure that your plant is healthy and try to move your Prayer plant away from a bright light source. If your plant is experiencing brown tips and/or spotting, we recommend a daily misting that will replenish the humidity levels that your plant needs.


brown blotches on leaves

Identification: Brown spotting on leaves, Color on leaves may also look washed out

Cause: Too much exposure to bright light

How to treat: Move your Prayer plant further away from a direct sunlight source (i.e., a bright window) or places with cold drafts. You may have to play around with different areas to find the perfect lighting for your plant to thrive in. Calathea Makoyana loves moisture so try to mist it with lukewarm water regularly.


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