Calatheas are often confused with Marantas because they are quite similar in nature. At night, you'll see that their leaves raise and fold inwards like prayer hands--hence the name "prayer plant". What sets this varietal a part from other calatheas is their leaves! Calathea Makoyana is one of the more hardier varietals and has a waxy finish to their leaves.
Calatheas may need a little more TLC than most to stay happy and healthy, so these plants may not be the best if you're a beginner with plants or just super busy throughout the day. But don't be discouraged! The two key things to maintain a healthy calathea is moderate lighting and a whole lot of moisture.
Native to Brazil
The botanical name for this plant is Calathea veitchiana. Similar to Marantas, Calatheas are most generally known as Prayer plants. This specific variety, the Calathea Makoyana, is also named the Peacock Plant or Cathedral Windows.
Of course, Calethea are some of the most unique plant families out there that has plants ranging in look and shape. Other varieties include the Calathea Crocata, Calathea Lancifolia, Calathea Medallion, Calathea Orbifolia, Calathea Ornata, Calathea Ornata 'Sanderiana', Calathea Roseopicta, Calathea Roseopicta 'Dottie', Calathea Roseopicta 'Rosey', Calathea Rufibarba, Calathea Warscewiczii, and Calathea Zebrina.
Non-toxic to pets and humans.
For healthy plants, we recommend that you add water to the glass every 1-2 weeks (or if you see that water levels have lowered) to replenish the water that evaporated or absorbed from the plants. Then, replace the water every 2-4 weeks.
Most tap water works great but distilled or filtered waters are recommended if available.
We recommend adding 1-2 of liquid nutrients to your plant’s water every month. If you see a new leaf or flower forming, you should add an additional drop of nutrients to further encourage and support new growth.
Calatheas are at their happiest and healthiest when kept moderate to bright indirect lighting. This plant can be very sensitive to sunlight levels, so try to play around with where you place your plant (like higher on a wall or semi-shaded corner).
Like most tropical plants, we notice that Calathea loves warm temperatures (65-85 degrees Fahrenheit). A general rule of thumb for many houseplants is that if you are comfortable, then they will be comfortable too!
The key to a beautiful Peacock Plant is to keep humidity levels high! We recommend that you invest in a humidifier and run it for at least 1-2 hours a day to keep the humidifier levels balanced. Of course, you could always regularly mist your plant multiple times a day (depending on the dryness of your space).
You can also set a container of water near the prayer plant, as the evaporating water will increase the humidity.
When propagating a Calathea Makoyana in water, we've had success with the division method and submerging a node in water. The division method is just gently remove soil to break up the mother plant (original calathea planted in dirt) into two or more smaller parts, where both the crown and roots are left in tact. Some roots are more acclimated to growing in soil than water. If you're propagating using the division method, we recommend cutting off the dirt roots off because the new root system comes in looking cleaner and less messy (overall, more aesthetically pleasing). But, it's totally optional if you decide to leave the roots on.
Then you have our favorite propagation method, which is submerging a node in water. You want to first cut right below where the branches sort of separate from each other. If you look closely, Calathea Makoyana have these folds in their branches where leaves shoot out from. A proper cutting would have about 2-4 leaves still attached.
After about 4-8 weeks, you should see your calathea sprouting thin, hair-like roots! With the proper care and attention, you'll be sure to see new leaf growth in no time.
Identification: Leaves are curling (even in the daytime), leaves may be brown and crispy at the tips
Cause: Not enough humidity, Too much exposure to bright light
How to treat: Examine the root system to make sure that your plant is healthy and try to move your Prayer plant away from a bright light source. If your plant is experiencing brown tips and/or spotting, we recommend a daily misting that will replenish the humidity levels that your plant needs.
Identification: Brown spotting on leaves, Color on leaves may also look washed out
Cause: Too much exposure to bright light
How to treat: Move your Prayer plant further away from a direct sunlight source (i.e., a bright window) or places with cold drafts. You may have to play around with different areas to find the perfect lighting for your plant to thrive in. Calathea Makoyana loves moisture so try to mist it with lukewarm water regularly.